chapter  11
33 Pages

Reproductive health status of wives left behind by male out-migrants: a study of rural Bihar, India


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Reproductive health is not only concerned with safe motherhood, wanted pregnancies, reproductive tract infections (RTIs) and sexually transmitted infections (STIs), but also with health matters related to contraception. The World Health Organization defines reproductive health as ‘a complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity, in all matters related to the reproductive system and its functions and process’ (United Nations 1995: 30). The International Conference on Population and Development held in Cairo in 1994 stressed the implications of women’s health, especially their reproductive health, for overall economic development. Thus, there is a growing concern about reproductive morbidity among poor women in developing countries (United Nations 1995: 30).