Families apart? Intergenerational transfers in East and
In most modern societies, there is little co-residence between adult family generations, but relations and transfers between them usually remain strong. Are East and West German families different in these respects? For East Germany, as for Eastern Europe more generally, there are two conflicting expectations: family ties can be hypothesised to have weakened through the four decades of socialist rule with its attempt to break the family transmission of cultural and material capital; alternatively, family ties may have strengthened through reliance on the family as the only remaining vestige of the private sphere and the most viable network of informal exchange.