THE REDISTRIBUTIVE EFFECTS OF GENERATIONAL TRANSFERS
Conflicts between generations are a part of the history and mythology of modern societies. The social explosion of the 1960s has become the major reference point, but it was preceded by a series of generational conflicts, some stronger than others, that have marked out western history during the last two centuries. The most famous are the youth movements that erupted in Vienna at the turn of this century, and the wealth of literature that they inspired has played a specific role in the renewal of the very notion of ‘generation’ (Schorske 1978). Modern reflections on ‘generations’, from Mannheim (1952) to the present, are in some ways an inheritance of the intellectual currents that were stimulated by these periods of rapid social change, from the French revolution of 1789 to the international uprising of young people in the 1960s.