chapter  I
4 Pages

NATURE AND SOURCES OF JEWISH FOLKLORE

FOLKLORE has been defined as the psychology of early man, in his philosophy and religion, social organization and ceremonial. This' psychology of the folk • is manifested

in beliefs and customs, still practised by force of habit and tradition, and expressed in folktales and legends. in proverbs and maxims current among the people. In other words, Folklore is traditional lore, and the ideas, beliefs and customs with which it occupies itself are called survivals. The study of the Folklore of a nation leads, to a certain extent, to a better comprehension of its civilization and culture. In the manners and customs, in the beliefs and practices to which the folk have been and are still clinging, in their songs and sayings, tales and legends, we get a glimpse of and become acquainted with the soul of the people expressed therein.