Active Knowledge Construction
In a typical classroom, teachers often play a structured role that focuses on conveying knowledge. Much of what happens in classrooms involves telling students what they should know about some aspect of the world. The instructional strategy of telling creates a learning environment in which students take word-forword notes while listening to a teacher's lecture or reading from texts. Students spend a lot of time memorizing information for multiple-choice and fill-in-theblank questions on upcoming exams. Inevitably students forget most of the information they learned because they have not put the knowledge to active use in an authentic situation.