chapter  5
Conceptual Knowledge as a Foundation for Procedural Knowledge
Pages 20

Conceptual and procedural knowledge are difficult to define precisely. For a working definition, this chapter utilizes the distinctions between conceptual and procedural knowledge proposed by Hiebert and LeFevre (this volume): Procedural knowledge is characterized as step-by-step procedures executed in a specific sequence; conceptual knowledge involves a rich network of relationships between pieces of information, which permits flexibility in accessing and using the information. According to Hiebert and Lefevre, "Perhaps the biggest difference between procedural knowledge and conceptual knowledge is that the primary relationship in procedural knowledge is 'after,' which is used to sequence subprocedures and superprocedures linearly. In contrast, conceptual knowledge is saturated with relationships of many kinds" (p. 8).