Pedestrianization, Public Transport and Traﬃc Calming in
By the end of the 1960s, critical questions were being raised about the political and social objectives the federal government had achieved. Discomfort began to be expressed about the strenuously promoted consumer ideology, the fulﬁllment of which many Germans had seen as the great post-war achievement. This period started with the student rebellions of 1968 and lasted to the middle of the 1970s before the political and social orientation changed more comprehensively. The Christian Democrats had ruled from 1949 onwards and many necessary reforms had not been touched. In 1969, the Social Democrats came into power for the ﬁrst time with Willy Brandt as the new chancellor and with this political change great hopes were expressed for a different, more humane society.