The British Approach Toward Road Transport and the Pedestrian in Urban Areas from the 1940s to the Early 1970s
The 1940s can be regarded as the heyday of urban and regional planning with the formation of the Ministry of Town and Country Planning in 1943 (Cherry 1974, p. 122). Many important reports by committees and individuals formed the basis of new planning legislation, which changed Britain’s economic and social structure substantially (Barlow Report 1940, Scott Report 1942, Uthwatt Report 1942, Reith Report 1946, which led to the New Towns Act 1946 and the Town and Country Planning Act of 1947 etc.). Between 1946 and 1950, a large number of new towns (14) were designated, planned and started (Dupree 1987, p. 18). New planning ideas and concepts were developed, not only for the designated new towns but also for the existing built-up areas. Road transportation was seen as a decisive factor in helping to build a New Britain.