chapter  12
15 Pages

The United States and Canada: An Overview of Walking Research and Policies

Until very recently, urban transportation policies in North America concentrated on accommodating the car and relatively little was done for pedestrians. There has been some public transportation investment in a number of metropolitan areas1 over the last 30-40 years but it has not been large enough to make a real impact on reducing car trips, except in a small number of large cities.2 Despite this, impressive research on pedestrian behavior and pedestrian-friendly street design has been published over several decades.