chapter  6
19 Pages

Energy security and democracy promotion in the Middle East: A Bush–Obama continuum?


Democracy promotion, the foundation stone of what has become known as the ‘idealist’ tradition in US foreign policy, was famously proclaimed by President Woodrow Wilson in 1917 when he sought approval from Congress to declare war against Germany. He announced:

The world must be made safe for democracy. Its peace must be planted upon the tested foundations of political liberty. We have no selfish ends to serve. We desire no conquest, no dominion. We seek no indemnities for ourselves, no material compensation for the sacrifices we shall freely make. We are but one of the champions of the rights of mankind. We shall be satisfied when those rights have been made as secure as the faith and the freedom of nations can make them.