chapter  4
13 Pages

Political reconstruction, democracy and power-sharing in Afghanistan and Iraq

ByBENJAMIN MACQUEEN

The reconstruction of political institutions has been seen conventionally as a process largely separate from the goal of promoting democracy. Here, democracy has been viewed as an ideational goal, something that is seen as a preferred outcome but not essential to the process of building functional political institutions themselves in the wake of conflicts. However, in recent years, the goals of political reconstruction and democracy promotion have increasingly merged, where democratic development is now seen in more utilitarian terms, as a mechanism for establishing necessary legitimacy in nascent post-conflict state institutions.