Design Within the Content Layer
Teachers need a clearer idea of what they are about. It needs to start with a clear idea of what it is that the student is supposed to understand.
—(Carl Bereiter, 2002, p. 126)
Th e value of considering the content layer apart from other layers is readily apparent to a simulation designer. With that type of design problem the designer loses a familiar and comfortable design backbone that most designers depend on without even realizing it: the narrative verbalization-the instructional monologue-which so oft en is used as the central structuring thread of an instructional design.