chapter  14
22 Pages

The politics of the Mainland spouses’ rights movement in

WithTaiwan

The year 1987 was a critical turning point for Taiwan. It featured the termination of martial law, which had been in place for four decades. That year also saw the ban on travelling to China from Taiwan lifted for the first time since 1949. The latter development not only allowed Taiwanese people to visit their families in China, but also contributed to a wave of marriage migration from China to Taiwan. These migrants have largely been female spouses of Taiwanese husbands and are officially known as Mainland spouses, a term that refers to marital immigrants who are originally from Mainland China and marry people in Taiwan. After over twenty years of this specific type of marriage migration, Mainland spouses represent a diverse community in modern Taiwanese society.