Human security has emerged as a theoretical perspective and an operational framework for solving foreign policy problems in the post-Cold War Era. Under this approach, security policy and analysis are refocused on individuals as primary referents and benefactors. Using human trafﬁ cking as an illustrative case, our chapter examines the merits and limits of this approach. First, the chapter outlines how human security attempts to simultaneously broaden and deepen traditional conceptions of insecurity. The ﬁ rst section highlights how a human security approach contributes to the broader transformative agenda of critical Security Studies. The second section explores various critiques of the critical capacity of human security, particularly as a problem-solving tool now frequently adopted by states and state-based institutions. The ﬁ nal section of the chapter explores how a human security approach might serve as a bridge between critical theory and practical policy-making in ways that reﬂ ect genuine alternatives to the traditional security paradigm.