Particularistic concertation: state–business relations and state formation in colonial Malawi HENRY G. CHINGAIPE
Introduction In the last few decades, the analysis of state-business relations (SBRs) has returned to the research agenda in the political economy of development. Discourse and research on these relations are theoretically diffuse because ‘business’ is variously conceptualised as capital, firm, sector, association or network. One argument from recent scholarship is that, although their forms vary widely between countries, synergistic SBRs are a necessary condition for economic progress. Most of the literature has been concerned with the economic outcomes of different patterns of SBRs. This chapter answers a neglected but important question: how do the institutional arrangements that shape SBRs form and evolve? The question is answered through the analysis of the evolution of SBRs in colonial Malawi. This chapter makes three main empirical claims:
1 That the evolution of SBRs in colonial Malawi dovetailed with the formation of state institutions. Consequently, SBRs were central to the politics of state formation and the evolution of state-society relations.