chapter  23
18 Pages

Leadership and Goal Setting


The leadership literature is broad and includes a number of different theories and models of leader behavior. These theories and models tend to highlight specifi c aspects of leader activity that promote individual, team, and organizational functioning. Most often, models of leadership describe specifi c behavioral patterns that characterize a particular approach (e.g., transformational leadership; Bass, 1985 ). In the evolution of our fi eld’s pursuit of understanding and explaining leader effectiveness, scholars have defi ned leadership in terms of the individual traits that are present in exceptional leaders (e.g., Kirkpatrick & Locke, 1991 ), the behaviors that characterize effective leader interactions with followers (e.g., Stogdill, 1963 ), and fi nally, the process by which leaders inspire followers to achieve collective goals (e.g., House, 1971 ). In that way, goals and goal setting have become a central aspect of how leadership is defi ned in general, and effective leadership in particular.