chapter  8
28 Pages

Multiple perpetrator rape during war


Wartime sexual violence varies dramatically across wars, and sometimes across armed groups fighting in the same war. During the conflict in Bosnia-Herzegovina, the widespread rape and other abuse of Bosnian Muslim women by Bosnian Serb forces qualified as a crime against humanity under international law. In Rwanda, the widespread rape of Tutsi women counted as a form of genocide, according to the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR) (in both cases, rape was frequently carried out by multiple perpetrators).1