chapter  8
28 Pages

Multiple perpetrator rape during war

WithELISABETH J. WOOD

Wartime sexual violence varies dramatically across wars, and sometimes across armed groups fighting in the same war. During the conflict in Bosnia-Herzegovina, the widespread rape and other abuse of Bosnian Muslim women by Bosnian Serb forces qualified as a crime against humanity under international law. In Rwanda, the widespread rape of Tutsi women counted as a form of genocide, according to the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR) (in both cases, rape was frequently carried out by multiple perpetrators).1