chapter  10
16 Pages

Offender aggression and violence in multiple perpetrator rape


It has been recognised for some time that sexual assaults and rapes involving threats of harm and/or acts of physical violence by the perpetrators result in greater psychological trauma for the victim, as well as the physical injury associated with violence (Resnick, 1993; Sales, Baum & Shore, 1984). Such findings have led researchers to highlight multiple perpetrator rapes (MPRs) as a significant cause for concern, because such offences have been found to involve more aggression and violence than other forms of rape. For example, Horvath and Kelly (2009) found that just fewer than half of the victims in their British sample of MPRs were injured.