Multiple perpetrator rape in the courtroom
This chapter provides the first exploratory investigation into multiple perpetrator rape (MPR) in the courtroom. We will begin by explaining why we think it is necessary to focus on the kinds of MPR cases that make it to court and how they are treated when they get there. The existing literature and evidence base on how rape is dealt with by the courts will be briefly reviewed, focusing particularly on the role of ‘rape myths’ and the factors that contribute to the high level of attrition seen in the prosecution of rape. We will then present the findings of an exploratory study conducted on MPR cases heard by the courts in England and Wales in 2011. We will be using the definition of MPR provided by Horvath and Kelly (2009, p. 94) throughout the chapter: ‘any sexual assault which involves two or more perpetrators’.