chapter  10
Willing reform? An analysis of defence reform initiatives in the DRC
ByMARIA ERIKSSON BAAZ AND MARIA STERN
Pages 20

Security governance in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) is clearly a troublesome process. Although 2003 marked the official end of the protracted conflict and the first, major peace accord, violence and armed conflict persist. The dubious role the Congolese state security forces play in the continuation of massive human rights abuses against the civilian population has received worldwide attention, particularly so the massive numbers of rapes. In short, state security forces continue to threaten the security of civilian populations, hamper peace-building processes, and constitute a major obstacle to sustainable development, as violence, extortion and other extra-legal income-generating activities against civilians occasion continued poverty.