chapter  2
Germany
ByGIORGIO FRANCESCHINI, HARALD MÜLLER
Pages 17

In recent years, the Federal Republic of Germany (FRG) has appeared to be the only larger NATO member to exhibit a willingness to challenge the status quo and discontinue traditional NATO policies regarding tactical nuclear weapon (TNW) deployment and nuclear sharing. This fact distinguishes Germany from Italy and Turkey, the two other “middle powers” hosting TNWs, who prefer to keep a low profile on the issue (see the chapters by Paolo Foradori and Mustafa Kibaroglu in this volume). It also separates Germany from France and the UK, who emphasize the importance of proceeding on the basis of consensus and thus “not rocking the boat” when addressing sensitive issues such as NATO nuclear policy.1 Because even the US administration, which unveiled its vision of a world without nuclear weapons in President Obama’s well-known Prague speech in 2009, pursued a rather conservative approach regarding the future of extended deterrence, the German effort in favor of a revision of current NATO nuclear policies sets Berlin apart from all other major members of the Alliance.2