chapter  5
51 Pages

Androgenic anabolic steroids

ByAlan J. George

The conclusions reached in surveying anabolic steroid use in male and female athletes are that anabolic steroids do increase muscle bulk and body weight in all anabolic steroid takers but that increases in strength are certain to occur at low doses only in those undertaking regular training exercise. The long-term side-effects of anabolic steroids may be severe and will depend on dosage and duration. In particular, early death from cardiovascular disease, sterility in men and, in women, masculinization and possible fetal effects constitute the most serious hazards. More recently, studies have suggested that psychological and behavioural changes and addiction may result from chronic anabolic steroid abuse, but methodological inconsistencies still make evaluation of these side-effects very difficult. There is evidence of increased abuse of steroids for cosmetic reasons, and among college and school students and that intensive education programmes have had little effect on steroid abuse so far.