chapter  12
11 Pages

Religion and security in international relations theories

ByStacey Gutkowski

Since the end of the Cold War, International Relations (IR) as a discipline has had to sharpen its theoretical paradigms to take into account new global security challenges. Many of the challenges that have emerged in the post-Cold War era have been unconventional in terms of their object (global health, the environment, human trafficking), their scope (transnational networked alliances), and their operational modes (insurgency and guerilla tactics, terrorism, and the specter of chemical, biological and radiological weapons). With the seismic shift away from a bipolar global security arrangement, a series of smaller conflicts-which would have once been either sidelined as local spats or magnified as proxy wars-have become increasingly visible, both to Western scholars and to those at the political helm of the current global order.