chapter  3
11 Pages

Eastern Orthodoxy and the fusion of national and spiritual security

ByChristopher Marsh

The Orthodox church traces its roots back to the earliest churches established by the Apostles, and it remained a part of the united church until the Great Schism of 1054, at which point Christendom broke into Western and Eastern halves. While this is not the place to examine the theological reasons for the Great Schism, one of the main points of contention remains highly significant for Orthodoxy today, namely ecclesiastical autonomy. The East resisted the Pope’s claim to be able to speak on behalf of the church on theological matters, a power the Eastern churches considered the sole domain of ecumenical councils, bodies comprised of representatives from all of the churches.