The proposition put forward here is that the pursuit of social justice and human rights must be bound up with a regard for ecological justice and the protection of the environment. In this respect, this chapter builds upon work describing the environmental and social injustices aﬄicting communities of the poor and the powerless around the world (e.g. Bullard 1990, 1994), on the recent recognition in criminology and sociology of the importance of human rights (e.g. Cohen 2001; Turner 2006; Green and Ward 2000), and on the development of a ‘green’ perspective in criminology (e.g. Lynch 1990; South 1998; White 2008; Sollund 2008; Walters 2010). While green criminology has, to a large extent, always been a critical endeavour (e.g. Lynch and Stretesky 2007; Ruggiero and South 2010a, 2010b; Walters 2010), we bring these together to provide a critical green criminology concerned with crimes of exploitation and domination that argues for the need to recognise and strengthen the link between human and environmental rights.