Little research has been done about the development of the digital game development industry especially from a smaller country’s perspective. This chapter will try to contribute to this research area while presenting the case of the history of the Swedish game development industry. The chapter will describe sixty years of digital game development in Sweden but with a focus on the game industry the sprung into life in the late 1980s and early 1990s. Many companies have tried and a couple have had international successes. The growth has been rapid but unstable and ultimately it seems like no signiﬁ cant proﬁ ts from these companies have ended up in Sweden.