This Part therefore focuses on how nations and cities have sought to adapt to shifting economic and social pressures through changing governance possibilities and structures. Issues of urban policy mobility from the Global North to the South are explored as another major outcome of globalization. The Part begins with a historiography of regeneration, and the changing context for urban regeneration in Europe. It then considers global influences on regeneration in the specific context of waterfront development, including implications for gentrification, and this is followed by examination of the specific mechanisms of Business Improvement Districts and Enterprise Zones. Finally, the Part includes a series of countryspecific cases covering Turkey, China, Japan, Poland and South Africa.