chapter  19
11 Pages

The German Internationale Bauausstellung (IBA) and urban regeneration: lessons from the IBA Emscher Park

ByPhilip Pinch, Neil Adams

The German approach of using international building exhibitions (Internationale Bauausstellung) to provide an impetus for innovation in planning and construction dates back to the early twentieth century and the New Architecture communities at Mathildenhöhe in Darmstadt (1901) and the Weißenhofsiedlung Stuttgart (1927), and later the 1957 Interbau exhibition in West Berlin with its presentation of the ‘city of tomorrow’. By the 1980s the IBA Berlin started to embody the broader policy discourses of urban regeneration and renewal, a purpose made yet more explicit by the IBA Emscher Park during the 1990s. This sought to utilise a series of innovative architectural and environmental projects to revitalise landscapes and communities across this former industrial heartland area of the Ruhr Valley.