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8 Pages

Introduction

ByRÓMULO PINHEIRO, PAUL BENNEWORTH, GLEN A. JONES

Some contend that a second academic revolution is currently underway, characterized by an increasing emphasis on valorization or exploitation of knowledge in commercial ways. Building upon the rst wave, which brought research to the core of academe, this new phase is supposed to be marked by two key features: (a) the translation of research ndings into intellectual property; and (b) the direct contribution of university activities to economic development (Etzkowitz, 2001). is sense that the increasing importance of knowledge transfer has emerged from a “second academic revolution” has given rise to the notion that knowledge transfer represents a “third” mission, just as the rst academic revolution is supposed to have added research to teaching as a core university task. An important consequence of this third mission is that it directly contributes to the increasing complexity characterizing the contemporary organizational form of the university (Musselin, 2007; Scott, 2006).