chapter  8
21 Pages

The Lithuanian reform of the armed forces after independence

ByGRAŽINA MINIOTAITE·

Recent years have seen a proliferation of studies on the transformation of the armed forces in democratic countries after the Cold War (Latham 2002; Moskos 2000; Heurlin and Kristensen 2003; Clearly and McConville 2006; Jabri 2007). In the words of Moskos and Burk: ‘The ideal form of a national military, associated with universal male conscription, masculine virtues, and national patriotism, has been transformed into a “high-tech” professional armed force, providing military power for temporary international coalitions’ (1994: 145). These changes are often conceptualized as the transition from the modern to the postmodern military, drawing on the division of societies into modern and postmodern that is prevalent in social sciences and the humanities.1