chapter  1
Managing good order at sea in the Asia- Pacific
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The paper went on to note that at present we lack good order at sea in SouthEast Asia. Problems in regional waters include piracy and armed robbery against ships, the threat of maritime terrorism, illicit trafficking in drugs and arms, people smuggling, pollution, illegal fishing, and marine natural hazards, such as tsunamis and cyclones. The inability to maintain good order at sea is due to factors such as inadequate resources, ineffective national legislation, poor coordination between national agencies, and a shortage of trained personnel. The lack of maritime boundaries in parts of the region complicates the situation by creating a barrier to effective cooperation between neighbouring countries. This chapter considers good order at sea in the broader Asia-Pacific region, which comprises the following sub-regions: South-East Asia, North-East Asia, the South Pacific, and the Eastern Indian Ocean. It is only in the South Pacific that a satisfactory level of good order at sea has been achieved, with an effective system of regional arrangements covering activities such as fisheries, shipping, maritime security, marine scientific research, and marine environmental protection. This system has been possible because of the strong common interests of the small Pacific island countries in oceans and fisheries management and the establishment of an effective regional organisation, the Pacific Islands Forum, which provides political “top cover” for functional cooperation on ocean-related issues.