chapter  20
Spaces and the Coevolution of Practices within a UK Metallurgical Equipment Supplier
Pages 12

A number of authors who have used an evolutionary approach to study organizations have identifi ed the routine as a candidate for the replicator (Aldrich, 1999; Nelson & Winter, 1982), where the routine is defi ned in a number of ways including “regular and predictable behavioral patterns” (Nelson & Winter, 1982, p.14); “if-then” rules, heuristics, rules of thumb (Becker, 2004), standard operating procedures (Cyert & March, 1963) and dispositions to express certain behavior (Hodgson & Knudsen, 2010). Whilst most authors agree that routines are collective phenomena and involve multiple actors (Becker, 2004), ambiguity exists as to whether the routine refers to cognitive-and/or behavioral-level knowledge and/or the complex of actions that result from the enactment of this knowledge. With a view towards unpacking this relationship, I argue (Breslin, 2011a) that separate and distinct representations of cognitive and behavioral knowledge should be included in the concept of the replicator at the level of the group, through the concepts of cognitive frameworks and a more narrowly defi ne “behavioral routine.”