chapter  6
Beyond Maternalism? The Political and Social Organization of Childcare in Argentina
ByVALERIA ESQUIVEL, ELEONOR FAUR
Pages 19

In Argentina, childcare has historically been considered a feminine responsibility carried out primarily in the confi nes of the home, by adult women fulfi lling their expected roles of “good” mothers and wives. This was particularly the case when the cultural assumptions and policies supporting the welfare system in their golden years were driven by the idea of a family model in which adult men acted as primary breadwinners, whereas women’s role as caregivers was fi rmly maintained. As a result, women who actually participated in the labour force were regarded as “secondary earners”.