chapter  3
Applying system theory of organisational change to health promotion interventions in schools
ByWolfgang Dür
Pages 17

In most developed countries, schools have become the focus of public criticism. The PISA and TIMSS studies (International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement, 2008; OECD, 2010a, 2010b, 2010c) alerted the public to the problems by pointing to the ineffectiveness and ineffi ciency of schools and school systems: that after eight or nine years of schooling, there is still a considerable percentage of young people who cannot read or calculate or master even simple problem solving tasks. These studies have also shown that a country’s prosperity is not a prerequisite for good educational outcomes. In fact, countries of similar prosperity can produce very different educational results, and low national income is not at all incompatible with strong educational performance (OECD, 2010c).