chapter  11
The Dangerous Politics of Difference: How Systems Produce Marginalization: Elizabeth B. Kozleski, Alfredo Artiles, and Lisa Lacy
Pages 13

In this chapter we explore the ways in which current special education policy and practices in the United States are built upon ideological assumptions around difference, defi cit, and disability. These ideological assumptions coupled with decultured views of learning and human development have produced systems of marginalization whose structures constrain opportunities to learn for groups of students who need multiple ramps to support their engagement with formal learning communities such as schools. In particular, we want to describe how these persistent processes fl ourish through communities of practice in classrooms, schools, school districts, and state education agencies that enact and reconstruct policies through their daily activities.