Old and New Ways of Inﬂ uencing Social Movements in Latin
If we defi ne power as something moving outwards or between two or more poles, this chapter examines the way in which one political group can infl uence others. In this case, how states excercise power over social protests that take place outside their borders. The intervening role that a government, group, or company plays in the development of social movements in Latin America has received scarce attention from scholars engaged in working out general explanations for collective action in the region. In general, research on collective action focuses on domestic policy elements such as the legal system, the elites, the state of the economy, or the repressive practices of the political system. This lack of interest is particularly surprising considering the way in which outside interference has continuously sought to infl uence the development of protests or social movements in Latin America. One of the fi rst studies to recognise the key role that outside groups have in the development of collective protest was Skocpol’s States and Social Revolutions from 1979 (Skocpol 1979).