From The Production of Space: Henri Lefebvre
Specialists in a number of “disciplines” might answer or try to answer the question. Ecologists, for example, would very likely take natural ecosystems as a point of departure. They would show how the actions of human groups upset the balance of these systems, and how in most cases, where “pre-technological” or “archaeo-technological” societies are concerned, the balance is subsequently restored. They would then examine the development of the relationship between town and country, the perturbing eﬀects of the town, and the possibility or impossibility of a new balance being established. Then, from their point of view, they would adequately have clariﬁed and even explained the genesis of modern social space. Historians, for their part, would doubtless take a diﬀerent approach, or rather a number of diﬀerent approaches according to the individual’s method or orientation. Those who concern themselves chieﬂy with events might be inclined to establish a chronology of decisions aﬀecting the relations between cities and their territorial dependencies, or to study the construction of monumental buildings. Others might seek to reconstitute the rise and fall of the institutions which underwrote those monuments. Still others would lean toward an economic study of exchange between city and territory, town and town, state and town, and so on.