The world turned upside down: responses to trauma in the family
The immediate response to traumatic events is a mixture of confusion and shock. The victim is unable to comprehend what has happened to him. Because of the difficulty in assimilating the event, memories of it remain disconnected from the continuum of the experience. Research carried out on the effects of major disasters on adult survivors shows that victims commonly exhibit symptoms such as emotional numbing, hyper-alertness, poor concentration, and intrusive flashbacks.