chapter  1
25 Pages

Disasters in India: Policy Overview of Vulnerability, Risks and Human Impact

ByDebarati Guha-Sapir, Philippe Hoyois

South Asia is one of the most vulnerable regions of the world with respect to natural disasters and man-made catastrophes. High population densities, rampant and unplanned urbanisation, widespread poverty, and malnutrition are all further aggravating factors that make the populations even more vulnerable to the disasters that befall them on a regular basis. All of these characteristics apply fully to India, which, with 305 natural disasters reported for the last 30 years, qualifi es as one of the countries most at risk of devastating natural catastrophes.