On coming to power in March 1985, Gorbachev almost immediately signalled his intention to develop closer relations with the West European States. This chapter examines and assesses the evolution of Soviet foreign policy in the period 1985-91. It looks at the new key concept in Moscow’s strategies-the idea of a ‘Common European Home’. In the period 1985-7, Moscow urged that this idea represented the basis on which a new security structure could be forged. This new vision called for the removal of nuclear weapons, and the reduction of conventional forces. At first, the strategy of denuclearisation appeared to succeed with the signing in 1987 of the INF treaty. Furthermore, Gorbachev managed to reanimate conventional arms talks by means of a series of radical concessions.