British perspectives on the future of European security
In the 1980s defence and disarmament became subjects of intense political debate and popular concern in Britain. Defence was a central issue in the general elections of 1983 and 1987. Opposition to nuclear weapons and to British, NATO and American defence policies gave rise to an anti-nuclear mass movement larger, more heterogeneous and arguably more successful than its predecessor in the 1950s. The result was that in the early 1980s the British political and intellectual consensus on defence and security in Europe fractured.