Introduction: building for improvement and sustaining change in schools serving disadvantaged communities
Five years have passed since the members of the Success Against the Odds team ﬁrst visited the eleven schools which took part in the original study. Whether ﬁve years is a lifetime or a brief moment in a school’s natural history is a matter for debate. Time enough, the optimist might argue, for a new head to have arrived, galvanised the staff, performed various ‘miracles’ and departed. Barely time, a sceptic might think, for a single cohort of students to have passed through their primary or secondary school.