chapter  5
13 Pages

Model Programs for STEM Student Success at Minority Serving Two-Year Colleges

BySoko S. Starobin, Dimitra Jackson, Frankie Santos Laanan

The United States is facing serious competition regarding preparation for science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM). Individuals with signifi cant math and science preparation are essential to the economic growth of the United States. Within the last 6 decades, the number of workers in science and engineering (S&E) occupations had grown from about 182,000 to 5.5 million by 2007 (National Science Foundation, Division of Science Resources Statistics [NSF, DSRS], 2011). This represents an average annual growth rate of 6.2% for the total workforce over the age of 18 during this period. It is anticipated that the market for S&E jobs will continue to increase and that by 2016, the total employment occupations that the National Science Foundation classifi es as S&E will be more than double the overall growth rate for all jobs (NSF, DSRS, 2011).