The research reported in this chapter took place at a time when considerable attention was being focused on the role and potential of youth in responding to social and economic conditions. Today, as in 1989 and 1997, Greek families and youth are experiencing unprecedented social change and must cope daily with a variety of new problems. Urbanization and accompanying internal migration have frequently been identified as making daily life more complex and impersonal. Traditional values are being questioned and even traditional conceptualizations of family have changed in the last fifteen years. Nuclear forms of families have steadily replaced the older, extended definition of families, leading to confusion and loss of confidence among youth (Dikaiou et al. 1996). Feminist and other social movements have challenged prevailing assumptions about the family by raising questions about gender relations, equity in family relationships and the viability of a monolithic family form.