DIVIDED SISTERHOOD: A CRITICAL REVIEW OF JANICE RAYMOND’S THE TRANSSEXUAL EMPIRE
Janice Raymond’s view is that biologically, the basic indicator of sex is the chromosomal pattern, XX (female), XY (male). Since this cannot be changed, no person can change sex in reality. All that can be done is various procedures to simulate a biological state that is chromosomally denied. If there were no stereotypical behaviours prescribed by patriarchy for either sex, transsexuals could behave as they liked-subject to some general morality, of course-and would not have to have operations. Thus, a moral problem is created within our society, and transformed by the gender identity clinics into a medical one, one of ‘adjustment’, in this case physical as well as social. These medical procedures are used for patriarchy as a means of social control of gender stereotypes, which act in the interests of men.