chapter  1
22 Pages

The marriage of critical realism and Marxism

Happy, unhappy or on the rocks?
ByAndrew Brown, Steve Fleetwood, John Michael Roberts

Critical realism is steadily gaining ground in the social sciences and humanities. Critical realist orientated scholars are to be found in many areas such as: sociology and social theory, organisation and management studies, feminism, geography, law and economics. Whilst critical realism has many things to teach us about philosophy it is, primarily, a philosophy of science. Critical realism can supply the full-blown philosophy of science lacking in Marxism. Adopting critical realism as a philosophy of science compatible with Marxism has allowed us to place the notion of tendency on a more secure footing. There are a number of reasons why critical realism can be situated within a Kantian legacy. In the first instance, critical realism is a transcendental social theory. Critical realism has attracted followers from a very broad range of disciplines in the social sciences, humanities and beyond. Critical realism demonstrates that the Kuhnian/Lakatosian perspective must have a real world analogue in ontological 'emergence'.