Global health governance: a conceptual review
In today’s world of increased health risks to all populations there are a growing number of national health policy outcomes that can no longer be assured through domestic action alone. The need for collective action by governments, business and civil society to better manage these risks is leading us to look for new rules and stronger institutions and better practices at the local, national and global levels. Part of the increasing health risk and the lack of an adequate local, national and global response is caused by factors outside the health sector-trade and investment policies; debt burden and international development assistance. There is an acute need for public health interests to be placed higher on these agendas to protect and promote people’s health. The current system of international health governance (IHG) does not meet these needs, indeed, it has been shown to include a number of gaps and shortcomings. In light of these shortcomings and the need for collective, rule-based actions, rather
than un-sanctioned unilateralism, the idea of global health governance (GHG) has become a keen topic of interest and debate in the field of international health.