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Adolescent AIDS activist Josh Lunior (center), an HIV-positive teenager with hemophilia, leads a World AIDS Day discussion with other teenagers at a high school in Poughkeepsie, New York. Peer-led interventions have been demonstrated to be one of the most effective means of educating adolescents about HIV/AIDS.

Rates of condom use by young men have remained low, as evidenced by high levels of unintended teenage pregnancies and STDs such as syphilis, gonorrhea, and chlamydia. According to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 3 million teens, or one in eight, have been infected with an STD. Because HIV is trans-mitted by many of the same, unsafe sexual behaviors that spread STDs, these STDs have become surrogate markers for HIV infection.