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care to people with HIV/AIDS but has also been criticized for opposing homosexuality and safer-sex practices, a position often called “hate the sin, love the sinner.”

On a similar note, the president of the doctrinal commission of the Portuguese bishops’ conference, Antonio Monteiro of Viseu, told a Catholic newspaper that if an infected person will de facto have sexual relations, it is recommended that the person use condoms. In The Netherlands, Cardinal Adrianus Simonis, a prelate renowned for strict orthodoxy and a frequent critic of homosexuals, also said it is licit to use condoms in marriage to prevent transmission of the virus. He categorized this as a form of selfdefense.