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protest repressive measures proposed by the German state of Bavaria, one of the few places in northern Europe to consider the quarantine of people with AIDS. The measures, championed by a politician named Gauweiler and likened to pogroms (historical organized attacks on Jews), were eventually defeated.

Partner notification is considered an essential component of STD-control programs. In Belgium, partner notification counseling is offered. The Swiss national govern-ment has little influence on the policy of this issue because most decision-making authority on health matters in Switzerland lies with the individual cantons. Partner notification carried out by health care providers has been used most in the Nordic countries, which have compara-